PowerShell Script to List Active Directory Users & Last Logon Time

Occasionally there is a need to quickly query Active Directory for all user accounts or user accounts with only certain values in particular properties. This can be done by installing and loading the Microsoft Active Directory Administration module for PowerShell. This is an add-on module, named ActiveDirectory, that provides cmdlets that let you manage your Active Directory domains.

Below is a script I recently put together to produce a CSV File detailing the following:

Displayname – @{e={$_.properties.cn};n=’Display Name’},`

Username – @{e={$_.properties.samaccountname};n=’Username’}

LastLogonTime – @{e={[datetime]::FromFileTimeUtc([int64]$_.properties.lastlogontimestamp[0])};n=’Last Logon’},`

Account Disabled or Not – @{e={[string]$adspath=$_.properties.adspath;$account=[ADSI]$adspath;$account.psbase.invokeget(‘AccountDisabled’)};n=’Account Is Disabled’}

The Complete Script is below – Just copy and past the following into notepad, and save the file as filename.ps1

$NumDays = 0
$LogDir = “.\User-Accounts.csv”

$currentDate = [System.DateTime]::Now
$currentDateUtc = $currentDate.ToUniversalTime()
$lltstamplimit = $currentDateUtc.AddDays(- $NumDays)
$lltIntLimit = $lltstampLimit.ToFileTime()
$adobjroot = [adsi]”
$objstalesearcher = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.DirectorySearcher($adobjroot)
$objstalesearcher.filter = “(&(objectCategory=person)(objectClass=user)(lastLogonTimeStamp<=” + $lltIntLimit + “))”

$users = $objstalesearcher.findall() | select `
@{e={$_.properties.cn};n=’Display Name’},`
@{e={[datetime]::FromFileTimeUtc([int64]$_.properties.lastlogontimestamp[0])};n=’Last Logon’},`
@{e={[string]$adspath=$_.properties.adspath;$account=[ADSI]$adspath;$account.psbase.invokeget(‘AccountDisabled’)};n=’Account Is Disabled’}

$users | Export-CSV -NoType $LogDir

How to Backup/Restore IIS7 & IIS8 Configuration

Backing up IIS7 configuration is as simple as copying the \windows\system32\inetsrv\config directory (and subdirectories) into a backup directory, so you don’t need anything special to do it.  Just include this directory in whatever your OS/content back-up plan is, or write a custom script to do it.

To help make managing backups easy, Microsoft added a simple cmd-line option to AppCmd.exe that makes management of backup/restore sets easy.  For example, to backup configuration, run the follow command:

> %windir%\system32\inetsrv\appcmd.exe add backup “My Backup Name”

to restore that backup, run this command:

> %windir%\system32\inetsrv\appcmd.exe restore backup “My Backup Name”

to delete a backup, run this command:

> %windir%\system32\inetsrv\appcmd.exe delete backup “My Backup Name”

IIS will automatically make history snapshots of ApplicationHost.config each time a change is detected, enabling you to easily restore to a prior version.  By default, IIS checks for a new version every 2 mins, and will keep 10 prior versions of the file.  IIS stores these snapshots in the %systemdrive%\inetpub\history folder by default.  You can change any of these settings by editing the section in ApplicationHost.config.